Tomatoes and the Italian Culture
What would an Italian chef do without tomatoes? Think of those two staples of the peninsula’s repertoire pasta and pizza, and it is impossible not to envisage a combination that includes the sweet, juicy red and green fruits reduced in the pan to increase the intensity of their flavour. Indeed, both pasta and pizza both really came of age when this good companion was introduced into the nation’s diet around two hundred years ago.
The Best Tomatoes for CookingFor the best results, always choose the plum variety for a sauce, either fresh or tinned: it contains less water than other varieties and has firmer flesh, both characteristics ensuring that the optimal result is achieved. There are a number of different brands of the tinned variety available both in supermarkets and delicatessens but most food enthusiasts will state without hesitation that the best are labelled San Marzano, particularly if the enthusiast in question hails from the region of Campania, where they grow in the shadow of Vesuvius, close to the city of Naples. The fruit has an intensity that matches the volcanic temper of Vesuvius herself, and once they have sampled them, cooks are very reluctant to use any other variety. Analysing the tomato by its constituent parts, it should be understood that the flavour comes from the flesh; both the water and seeds in the middle and the skin have absolutely nothing to contribute to the success of a dish, hence the reason why when a tin of plum tomatoes is opened, the product inside has already had the skin removed.
How to Remove Skin and Seeds from TomatoesWhen using the fresh variety, it is simplicity itself to remove the seeds and the skin. First, make a small cross on the base of the tomatoes with a sharp knife, then plunge them into boiling water for around 10 to 15 seconds (the intense heat makes the skin shrink). Then transfer the blanched tomatoes to some iced water in order to kill the action of the heat immediately, otherwise the flesh will begin to cook. Then simply lift out each tomato individually and peel: the skin will come away with ease.
To remove the seeds in the watery centre, slice lengthways and scoop them out with a spoon. This process is ideal for preparing any number of tomato-based salads.